In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): What Is It?

In vitro fertilization is an assisted reproductive technique (ART) commonly known as IVF. IVF involves extracting eggs, taking a sperm sample, and manually combining an egg with sperm in a laboratory dish. The embryo (s) are then transferred to the uterus. Other forms of ART include intrafallopian gamete transfer (GIFT) and intrafallopian zygote transfer (ZIFT).

Why is IVF used?

IVF can be used to treat infertility in the following patients:

  • Fallopian tubes blocked or damaged
  • Male infertility, including decreased sperm count or motility of spermatozoa
  • Women with ovulation disorders, premature ovarian failure, uterine fibroids
  • Women who had their fallopian tubes removed
  • People with a genetic disorder
  • Unexplained infertility
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